No. The competition will emphasize the processes that create these and other phenomena.
No- The last sentence states 'The materials must be punched and inserted (emphasis) into the rings (sheet protectors are allowed).
Yes, students could be asked to identify incomplete specimens. Samples requiring identification should show specific features making identification reasonable. A bone fragment would usually not be enough to make a solid identification, but a tooth or claw might be.
Yes, please see the official Rules Clarification. Teams may have up to 3 students.
No, the team members will rotate drawing when a correct term is given or a word is passed.
(section: 2 / paragraph: b / line: 6)
No, underlining is not something that can be done on a PC standard 101 key keyboard by pressing a single key or a single key in combination with the shift key.
(section: 2b / paragraph: 1 / line: 10, 20)
Use of cartesian coordinate expressions as you described would be acceptable.
(section: Compet / paragraph: 1 / sub-paragraph: b / line: 1)
Yes, strikethroughs may be used to identify text that is not part of the completed instructions. Even though technically not acceptable since it cannot be made on a standard typewriter, students are not expected to perfectly write instructions and if mistakes are made, strikethroughs would identify that the text is NOT part of the written instructions ...therefore wouldn't be docked in scoring.
Both topics of Legislation and Economic Opportunity in Solving Problems will apply to only Division C. Division B will not have any questions related to Legislation and Economic Opportunity in Solving Problems.
The basic ecological principle of how populations grow/dynamics will be covered in 2015 and 2016. (For eg- J curve, S curve, predator-prey interactions). Population growth human caused issues will be covered in 2016 ( For example- habitat loss, deforestation, desertification).
There is no specific list of indicator species for this event. Students should understand the general term and concept and be able to apply it to aquatic ecosystems.
From the rules... "The taxonomic scheme is based upon the Audubon Insect and Spider Field Guide. Any arbitrations questions will defer to this resource as the correct answer. " and on p 512 cochineal bugs are labeled as Family Dactylopiidae. its not a perfect system, and no book I am aware of will resolve every issue that can arise with the fluidity of insect taxonomy.
No. Pictures cannot be taped into the field guide but they can be included in the allowable notes. Written notes would be considered annotations in the field guide.
Yes, students are allowed to bring one commercially published resource that may be annotated and tabbed (limit 3 words on tab).
Yes, highlighting notes in the book is allowed.
Yes, annotations my be drawings in the book. Nothing may be taped in the book.
Small graduated cylinders are permissible in the students kits. Event supervisors should not confiscate them.
Most event supervisors are going to go by the book, which means the two pages would need to be in a binder. There are no rules on the removal of the pages, but it might be best to ask the event supervisor if removal of the pages would be allowed.
Division B students are not responsible for Lewis structures in this event. It depends on how bad the misspelling is as to whether or not points are deducted. The team members must be able to spell and write clearly enough to be able to communicate their ideas to the event supervisor. If the spelling or writing is so bad that there can be no meeting of the minds, points will be lost. Event supervisors are supposed to grade what is written, not what they think the students meant.
For the class 1 lever the load point to effort point measurements must be less than or equal to 80.0 cm. The size of the the fulcrum is irrelevant to this measurement.
Mass ratio answers should be entered to the number of significant digits allowed by the Event Supervisor.
The ratio should be presented as a decimal value, unless otherwise authorized by the Event Supervisor.
Each mass must fit within the box individually. The dimensions are not required to be announced prior to the competition.
(section: 5 / paragraph: C / line: 1)
The way the ratio is recorded will be up to the local event supervisor.
The most common type of plastic golf balls are plastic dimpled and plastic with holes and HDPE foam types are legal. As long as they are commercially marketed as "plastic practice golf balls", they may be used. It is recommended that students bring the packaging if there is a question.
Yes, the 1.5 m side of the launch area is the side that is parallel to the launch direction and the front of the launch area is 1 m wide.
Rule 4.d. explicitly says that the target is either tape on the floor or panels lying on the floor. There should not be any significant difference between the floor height in the launch area and the targets.
Competitors may choose either target for their first shot. They may then choose to take their second shot at the same target or their first shot at the other target. If they qualify to take a bucket shot after their first shot at a particular target, they must ask for the bucket when they wish to take the second shot at that target.
Competitors will be told the distance of the targets from the launch area and can measure their impact locations from the launch area if outside of the target.
Rule 4.i states that "making contact with the inside bottom surface is worth an additional 100 points." It does not state that after making contact the projectile must remain in the bucket, so the bonus is given even if the projectile subsequently bounces out of the bucket.
No, only the listed items in rule 3.f. are allowed as projectiles.
It can go through multiple conversions, but 100% of the energy must initially be gravitational potential energy.
It can be stored and released, but 100% of the initial energy must come from the falling mass and event supervisors must be able to verify this. Also, all chambers must automatically return to ambient air pressure.
Yes, as long as the device remains safe and within other specs.
All the words "plastic", "practice", "golf", and "ball" must appear somewhere on the packaging or advertising description of the product, but not necessarily all in the same spot.
Teams must use only the type of balls listed with in rule 3.f.
This is up to local event supervisors.
Bucket distances can be arbitrary intervals.
Per 3.a. more than one mass may be impounded, but the total sum of all masses must be less than 3.5kg (Div C), 5.0kg (Div B)
Yes, if the system is designed in such a way that were the second trigger not activated, other relevant rules are still met, such as rule 3.c regarding automatically returning to ambient air pressure and 4.c automatically returning to the launch area.
Yes, as long as it is a removable tool that is not part of the device and removed prior to launch. The official SO laser policy must also be followed: http://soinc.org/lasers
Yes. Competitors are permitted to force air back into the pressure chamber to return it to its initial shape and volume. The chamber must still be at ambient pressure at launch.
No. General Rule #2 prohibits devices such as cell phone during the competition.
(section: 1 / paragraph: 1 / line: 2)
It must go around the can, vehicles are not permitted to pass over the can.
(section: 3 / paragraph: c / line: 1)
Yes, rule 3.c. applies only to the wheels.
All wheels in any ready to run configuration must fit within a 25.0 cm x 60.0 cm space. Measurements are made from the outer most edges of the wheels. Other parts of the vehicle may be longer or wider.
Yes, if a team moves one object and calls a stop by saying "science", based upon rule 6.c., it is not a violation of the rules nor is it a Spirit of the Rules violation.
There are no restrictions on which brand kit you use for robo-cross as long as all the rule requirements are met, particularly section 2 Construction Requirements. We cannot rule ahead of time whether your implementation of a particular kit or brand meets the requirements.
The 2X bonus applies to ALL items of a given type if at least one item of that type is in each jug. Example, one ping pong ball in jug 1, one in jug 2 and two on the playfield in any zone. All four get the 2X bonus. Note, if a ball is in zone A or B two times zero is still zero of course.
No it doesn't have to stay in contact with the course, but if it flies it must do so in a safe manner.
The pennies will be loosely stacked and separate.
456, no time points, no robot points, no penalties. All objects (pennies, legos, ping pong balls, tennis ball) in their maximum scoring position.
Zone D. The score assigned to the Objects (6.b.i-iii) only depends on which zone the Object is in.
Yes, the outside width of the Bridge must be at least 5.0 cm for the entire span (Div. B - 35 cm and Div. C - 45 cm). "At any height along its span" means that the 5.0 cm width for the entire span can be at any height on the bridge as long as it is not below the top surface of the Test Supports.
Yes, as long as the width of the Bridge is at least 5.0 cm for the entire span it doesn't matter at what height the 5.0 cm minimum width is located.
Yes, the loading block may be placed at any height of the Bridge as long as it is in the center of the span and not below the top surface of the Test Supports prior to testing.
Yes, that is one way to meet the requirements of rule 3.e.
The Test Supports are at least 3.0 cm high, 3.0 cm wide and 15.0 cm long
No, the Test Supports are not attached to the Test Base. Students may move them anywhere within the Bearing Zones on the Test Base.